THE HANAFI SCHOOL

AL-IMAM AL-A`ZAM ABU HANIFAH, IMAM OF OUR OWN SCHOOL, PRONOUNCED THAT THE RETURN OF THE PROPHET ‘ISA (AS) AND THE COMING OF THE MAHDI ARE “MATTERS THAT SHOULD NOT BE DENIED.”

The most valued and most revered works on matters of theology in the Islamic world are the treatises known as Al-Fiqh al-Akbar and the Wasiyyat, by al-Imam al-A`Zam Abu Hanifah. Al-Fiqh al-Akbar is the principal expression of the tenets of the People of the Sunnah. Abu Hanifah pronounced in his Al-Fiqh al-Akbar that the return of the Prophet ‘Isa (as) and the coming of the Mahdi are “matters that cannot be denied”:

The emergence of the Dajjal (the Anti-christ) and Yajuj (Gog), the Sun rising in the West, the descent from the sky of the Prophet ‘Isa (as) and the other portents of the Last Hour related in sahih (trustworthy) reports are all true and will definitely take place. There are other great portents of the Hour, such as the coming of the Mahdi. As trustworthy accounts say, all these phenomena are true and will take place. (Al-Fiqh al-Akbar, al-Imam al-A`zam Abu Hanifah, p. 99)


When the Hour comes, the Prophet ‘Isa (as) will return to Earth, and all nations will thus come together as a single nation, the nation of Islam. Before ‘Isa (as) returns, the Mahdi will appear in Mecca and Medina, and will then come to Jerusalem. Then the Dajjal will come and he will meet with him. ‘Isa (as) will descend from the Eastern minaret in Damascus and will come to kill the Dajjal, and will slay him there with a blow. When ‘Isa (as) returns to Earth, the Dajjal will melt away like salt in water. Afterwards, ‘Isa (as) will meet with the Mahdi. The prayer will be performed, and the Mahdi will indicate that the Prophet ‘Isa (as) should lead the prayer. But ‘Isa (as) will say that the prayer is being performed for him [the Mahdi] and that he is more worthy of leading the prayer. In order to show that he complies with the Shariah of the Prophet (saas), ‘Isa (as) will follow the Mahdi, and they will thus perform the prayer together. (al-Imam al-A`zam Abu Hanifah, Al-Fiqh al-Akbar, Sharh by Ali al-Qari, p. 284)

 

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